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Stack strings

Without stack strings :

#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>

int main() {
        execve("/bin/sh", NULL, NULL);

        return 0;
}
$ gcc main.c -o main
$ strings main | grep "/bin/sh"
/bin/sh
$ gdb ./main
gef➤  disass main
Dump of assembler code for function main:
   0x0000000000001139 <+0>:     push   rbp
   0x000000000000113a <+1>:     mov    rbp,rsp
   0x000000000000113d <+4>:     mov    edx,0x0
   0x0000000000001142 <+9>:     mov    esi,0x0
   0x0000000000001147 <+14>:    lea    rax,[rip+0xeb6]        # 0x2004
   0x000000000000114e <+21>:    mov    rdi,rax
   0x0000000000001151 <+24>:    call   0x1030 <execve@plt>
   0x0000000000001156 <+29>:    mov    eax,0x0
   0x000000000000115b <+34>:    pop    rbp
   0x000000000000115c <+35>:    ret
End of assembler dump.

With stack strings :

cat main.c
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>

int main(){
        char slash = '/';
        char bin_sh[] = { slash, 'b', 'i', 'n', slash, 's', 'h', 0 };
        execve(bin_sh, NULL, NULL);

        return 0;
}
$ gcc main.c -o main
$ strings main | grep "/bin/sh"
$ gdb ./main
gef➤  disass main
Dump of assembler code for function main:
[...]
   0x0000000000001160 <+23>:    mov    BYTE PTR [rbp-0x11],0x2f
   0x0000000000001164 <+27>:    movzx  eax,BYTE PTR [rbp-0x11]
   0x0000000000001168 <+31>:    mov    BYTE PTR [rbp-0x10],al
   0x000000000000116b <+34>:    mov    BYTE PTR [rbp-0xf],0x62
   0x000000000000116f <+38>:    mov    BYTE PTR [rbp-0xe],0x69
   0x0000000000001173 <+42>:    mov    BYTE PTR [rbp-0xd],0x6e
   0x0000000000001177 <+46>:    movzx  eax,BYTE PTR [rbp-0x11]
   0x000000000000117b <+50>:    mov    BYTE PTR [rbp-0xc],al
   0x000000000000117e <+53>:    mov    BYTE PTR [rbp-0xb],0x73
   0x0000000000001182 <+57>:    mov    BYTE PTR [rbp-0xa],0x68
   0x0000000000001186 <+61>:    mov    BYTE PTR [rbp-0x9],0x0
[...]

Function Encryption

  • Determine the function's size by using a linker script.

Default linker script : gcc main.c -Wl,-verbose

-Wl,option : Pass option as an option to the linker.

Use cipher

  • XOR
  • RC4

References

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